Epoxy flooring is a renovation step that is carried out to beautify and add further durability to the floor of any building. These are mostly adopted by commercial properties. There are many options available from cost-effective to expensive ones. Although wooden flooring is considered to be one of the most sought out flooring options, epoxy flooring is also popular among commercial property owners.
Industrialists prefer it because of the neat, clean and shiny look that it offers. Now as per the new trends and countless options it is also prevailing in residential infrastructures. Homeowners are also preferring to apply epoxy on their house floors. Especially, 3D epoxy flooring gives unimaginable options to adopt. There is a rising trend that people are decorating their bedrooms with 3D epoxy coating in eye-catching patterns for a themed décor.
Companies are bringing many innovations in designs and options making industrial production fast and cost-effective. Several businesses and other entities use it such as industries, warehouses, hospitals, restaurants, and underground parking lots.
After going through this blog we guarantee that your mind will be leaning towards applying epoxy on your house floors.
What is Epoxy?
It is a combination of polymer resins and hardeners, just like epoxy glue. It is chemically distinctive from regular floor paint. When the epoxy is mixed properly then the chemicals react to get hardened and bond with the floor. The chemical bond ends in producing a plastic-type material that is highly durable and hence, it is highly preferred by the industries for their floors.
What is Epoxy Flooring:
It is simple to understand that epoxy flooring is the application of several layers of epoxy on floor surface area with a depth of at least 2 millimeters. Confusion arises usually when the epoxy flooring and epoxy coating is confused to understand. The main difference between them is the depth of the applied epoxy layers. As mentioned this flooring has a depth of 2 millimeters and the epoxy coating is less than 2 millimeters.
Types of Epoxy Flooring:
Following are the types:
Self-Leveling Epoxy Floors:
Self-leveling epoxy is used to apply over the new, old, cracked, or damaged floors to produce a smooth, shiny, and durable floor texture. This type not only provides durability but also a shiny clean look to the floor surface.
It comes in different colors and patterns to project a shiny beautiful look. It is mainly used by manufacturers, industrialists, warehouses, sports facilities, kitchens of restaurants, and other commercial buildings.
Epoxy Mortar Floors:
Mortar epoxy is considered to be the toughest epoxy available to apply on the floors. It is developed with 100% solid forms of epoxies quartz sand. These types of epoxies are used where high durability and chemical resistance is required.
It is completely suitable for places where the floor requirement is of impact resistance and durability. Therefore, it is also used to repair cracked or damaged surfaces and increase their life. It is mostly used in industries, warehouses, mechanical complexes, industrial areas, commercial places, garages, plants, etc.
Quartz-Filled Epoxy Floors:
Quartz epoxy is a combination of high-performance epoxy resins and stained quartz grains. Due to its characteristics, it is used to decorate spaces that require slip-resistance surfaces. Such as rooms, hospitals, high-tech facilities, sensitive facilities, schools, office showrooms, etc.
Anti-Static Epoxy Floors (Electro-static Charge, ESD resistant):
The electrostatic charge could be dangerous to some working environments and so to prevent this danger the anti-static epoxy is used on the floors to dissipate the charge and avoid any static electrical problem. It is used in the manufacturing, chemical, electronic, healthcare, inflammable facility or plants, etc.
Epoxy Flake Floors:
This type of epoxy contains flake materials creating a shiny, vibrant, multi-colored seamless look. It also reduces the slipperiness of a surface. It has infinite textures and options to apply. It is used in locker rooms, sports facilities, showrooms, hospitals, restaurants` kitchens, etc.
Conditions for Epoxy Flooring:
There are a few conditions that you need to keep in mind before applying the epoxy. As the epoxy is applied over concrete or cemented floor that is why you must make sure that the floor is completely clean of any material that might hinder the flawless process of applying the epoxy.
You also need to be sure that there is no issue with the concrete floor. You can test it by just pouring a small quantity of water and if the water is not absorbed into the concrete then it means the floor is polished or greased and hence, it will not be suitable for epoxy application.
The epoxy needs to be applied by the trained professionals to properly lay it on the floor flawlessly. The epoxy hardens and dries quickly and so, it needs to be applied evenly and properly so that when it is perfectly dried out. It is pertinent to mention that the slightest flaw in the application process may affect the smoothness of the epoxy floor.
Another condition to be kept in mind is the right temperature because the perfect temperature to apply epoxy is around 10 to 30 Celsius.
Advantages of Epoxy Flooring:
There are many advantages, which are as follows:
- Affordability: If we compare it with alternative materials such as wooden floors, it is more affordable. This is also the reason that it is used in commercial applications because in those places the traffic is more than the rest of the areas which go through frequent wear and tear, thus requiring high strength flooring along with affordability and epoxy flooring is just the right ingredient for affordable durable flooring option.
- Eye Catching: Epoxy designs have seen countless innovations and the recent 3D patterns have increased the demand for epoxy flooring. They are shiny, colorful, appealing, and durable flooring option. They also require very little to keep them clean or less maintenance as compared to the other kinds of flooring.
- Chemical Resistant: Epoxy floors have a high chemical resistant characteristic and this is the reason that it is used in manufacturing and industrial plants where there is a high probability of floor usage and wear & tear of the floor. Such high traffic floors also require chemical cleaning which does not affect the epoxy floors.
- Durable: It is liked and sought after in commercial areas mainly because of its high strength and durability. As long as the epoxy is professionally applied then one must be sure that it will last long.
- Colorful: This flooring provides high contrast colors with infinite options and this provides and colorful cheering environment in the workplace which may have positive effects on the workforce and the work environment.
Disadvantages of Epoxy Flooring:
There are many disadvantages, which are as follows:
- Durable but Non-permanent: Although they are well-known for their strength and durability but yet, they are not permanent. That is because it is used where there are high traffic areas in commercial places or where a high probability of wear and tear is expected so, this type of flooring goes through punishable environments and requires replacement eventually.
- Epoxy Floor cracks: An even small chip could crack the epoxy and this happens if the application was carried out with flaws. Any flaw may cause the epoxy to peel off and with continuous usage, the peeling process will also be going at a fast pace affecting the whole floor and hindering the commercial operations.
- Slippery Characteristic: Epoxy floors are usually slippery than the other flooring materials. But where its slipperiness could be deemed hazardous there a non-slippery epoxy flooring is used which gives good grip.
- Time Consuming: Its applications are time-consuming. It is a tedious process that requires attention to detail and a great level of care. Before applications, all the unwanted materials from the floor needs to be cleaned. Any chip or crack must be corrected in advance to apply it evenly and thoroughly.
- Fumes: Some may find it highly annoying that it emits peculiar fumes which may even irritate some of the employees working in that environment. The darker the shade the stronger the fumes, this is because dark colors require more ammonia usage in the manufacturing process.
Informative Facts about Epoxy Flooring:
Following are some interesting facts that you might useful and informative:
- Epoxy takes at least 24 hours between the coats to dry up properly as three coats are required to achieve the required thickness.
- If urethane is poured along with epoxy, then it is recommended to wait for 28 days before someone walks on it.
- Some parking areas or driveways may even require 6 months of curing and sealing to provide the surface that the client needs.
- Dry weather conditions and temperatures of around 10 to 30 Celsius is needed for the proper application of the epoxy.
Epoxy flooring is highly useful, durable, affordable, and cheerful to apply on the required surfaces. You need to keep in mind that the specific job needs specific expertise for which you must hire trained and experienced professionals to conclude this flooring properly and flawlessly.
The chosen design must also sit with the dimensions of the floor and interior of the building where it is being poured to give away a flaunting look. Plan your construction of the infrastructure accordingly because a specific number of days and temperature are required for epoxy pouring.
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